This article does not include the hundreds of infractions, violations, and crimes that the liberal government has done in the past few years regarding covid.
There have been several instances in Canada’s history where the government has taken actions that have had negative impacts on the people of Canada, including Indigenous peoples. Here are ten examples of actions taken by the government of Canada that have been criticized as being unfair or unjust:
- Residential schools: The government of Canada operated a system of residential schools for Indigenous children from the late 1800s to the mid-1900s. Many Indigenous children were taken from their families and placed in these schools, where they were often subjected to physical, emotional, and sexual abuse. The impact of residential schools on Indigenous communities has been devastating, including the loss of cultural traditions and the intergenerational trauma that has been passed down through families.
- Forced relocation and relocation policies: The government of Canada has, at various times, forced Indigenous peoples to relocate from their traditional lands to other areas. This has often been done in order to make way for development or to assimilate Indigenous peoples into mainstream society. These policies have had negative impacts on Indigenous communities, including the disruption of traditional ways of life and the loss of access to traditional resources.
- The Indian Act: The Indian Act, which was passed by the government of Canada in 1876, has had significant negative impacts on Indigenous peoples in Canada. The Act established a system of government-controlled reserves for Indigenous peoples, and it granted the government significant control over the lives of Indigenous peoples, including their land and resources. The Act has been criticized for its paternalistic and assimilationist approach, which has had negative impacts on Indigenous communities and cultures.
- The Chinese head tax: From 1885 to 1923, the government of Canada imposed a head tax on Chinese immigrants entering the country. The tax was intended to discourage Chinese immigration and was seen as a discriminatory measure aimed at Chinese immigrants. The head tax had negative impacts on Chinese immigrants and their families, and it has been seen as a significant injustice.
- Internment of Japanese Canadians during World War II: During World War II, the government of Canada forcibly relocated and interned Japanese Canadians living on the West Coast, citing national security concerns. Many Japanese Canadians lost their homes, businesses, and personal belongings as a result of this policy, and they faced significant discrimination and hardship.
- Sixties Scoop: The Sixties Scoop refers to the practice of removing Indigenous children from their families and placing them in non-Indigenous homes, often without the consent of their parents. This practice, which took place from the 1960s to the 1980s, had negative impacts on Indigenous communities and families, including the loss of cultural traditions and the intergenerational trauma that has been passed down through families.
- Discriminatory immigration policies: Canada has a history of discriminatory immigration policies, including the Chinese head tax and the “continuous journey” regulation, which effectively barred immigrants from India and other parts of Asia from entering the country. These policies had negative impacts on immigrants and their families and were seen as discriminatory.
- Forced sterilization of Indigenous women: From the 1930s to the 1970s, the government of Canada and various provinces implemented policies that resulted in the forced sterilization of Indigenous women, often without their knowledge or consent. These policies had negative impacts on Indigenous communities and were seen as a violation of Indigenous women’s rights.
- The treatment of Inuit in the high Arctic: From the 1950s to the 1970s, the government of Canada relocated Inuit communities from their traditional lands in the high Arctic to other areas, often without their consent. This policy had negative impacts on Inuit communities, including the loss of access to traditional resources and the disruption of traditional ways of life.
- The Oka Crisis: In 1990. The Oka Crisis was a conflict that took place in 1990 in the town of Oka, Quebec, Canada. The conflict arose when the town of Oka proposed to expand a golf course and build luxury housing on land that was considered sacred by the Mohawk community of Kanesatake. The Mohawk community opposed the development and set up a barricade to block the construction. The situation escalated when the Quebec police attempted to remove the barricade, leading to a 78-day stand-off between the police and the Mohawk community.